Friedman & Bresaw, PLLC


(603) 707-4800

Understanding The Role Of A Guardian Ad Litem

A guardian ad litem is a crucial court-appointed figure who ensures the protection of a child or vulnerable individual’s best interests during legal proceedings. Their role is to act as an advocate for those who may not have the understanding necessary to effectively navigate the intricacies of the legal system. Guardians ad litem are most often used in family law cases. If you would like to learn more about how these individuals could affect your case, please consider scheduling a consultation the New Hampshire family law attorneys at Friedman & Bresaw, PLLC, by calling (603)707-4800.

What Is a Guardian Ad Litem?

Generally, a guardian ad litem is appointed by the court. According to the New Hampshire Judicial Branch, in the state’s family courts a guardian ad litem is assigned when parents cannot agree on certain issues for their children. In this role, the guardian protects the child’s well-being and best interests, advocating on behalf of those who cannot make decisions for themselves. In family court and in other judicial contexts, a guardian ad litem can provide an objective perspective, ensuring a fair legal process that prioritizes the vulnerable person or child’s welfare. 

The duties of a guardian ad litem differ from those of a legal guardian, a role with which people outside the legal profession are more often familiar. While the guardian ad litem is appointed to be a voice for a vulnerable person (often a child), they do not have the authority to make final decisions for the person on whose behalf they are advocating. Instead, the care and decision-making responsibilities are left to the legal guardian.

What Are the Duties of a Guardian ad Litem?

A guardian ad litem has various duties, which can differ based on the jurisdiction and specific case. These duties may include:


When a guardian ad litem is assigned to a case, they will thoroughly investigate the matter. Many times, this can include: 

  • Reviewing documents
  • Interviewing family members or other relevant individuals
  • Vising the child’s home or living environment

After an investigation, the guardian will gather the necessary information to assess the well-being of the person on whose behalf they have been appointed. The individual’s mental and physical health, education, and emotional needs are all considered. Sometimes, the guardian may seek additional insight from doctors or therapists. 


Guardians ad litem prepare comprehensive reports summarizing their extensive findings and expert recommendations. These invaluable reports are then submitted to the court, providing insights to lead to a fair and just decision. The reports may include the guardian’s observations, thorough evaluations, and suggestions for the court’s careful consideration.


Guardians ad litem are advocates during court proceedings, ensuring that the voice and rights of those whose needs might otherwise be overlooked are protected. Sometimes, the guardians may have to attend hearings, make recommendations to the court, or advocate for necessary services and support for the child or other vulnerable person. 


Guardians ad litem monitor the individual’s well-being even after the court hearings have ended. This ongoing vigilance helps to ensure that the court’s decisions are executed and that the individual’s best interests are continuing to be served. Guardians ad litem may provide follow-up reports or recommendations to the court to ensure ongoing protection and support for their charges.

Is the Guardian ad Litem Biased?

Guardians ad litem, much like any other human beings, can fall prey to their own personal perspectives, life experiences, or unconscious biases that may unintentionally impact their decisions or recommendations. New Hampshire courts have established guidelines and standards for selecting and training guardians ad litem to mitigate potential biases through the Guardian ad Litem Board. These measures ensure that guardians ad litem possess the necessary skills, knowledge, and understanding to approach their role objectively and without prejudice. Guardians ad litem can also participate in ongoing professional development and education programs to recognize and address any biases they may possess.

In any legal case, the parties involved reserve the right to voice their concerns if they suspect partiality by the appointed guardian ad litem. They are authorized to demand a review or replacement of the guardian ad litem if they believe their neutrality has been compromised. This system ensures accountability and protects the integrity of the legal process. Judicial oversight, ethical standards, and an effective system of checks and balances within the legal framework help to ensure that guardians ad litem remain objective and dedicated to upholding the welfare of those they represent. For more information about whether to challenge a guardian ad litem’s recommendations, please contact Friedman & Bresaw. PLLC.

How Do You Act Around a Guardian ad Litem?

When interacting with a guardian ad litem, it is important to approach the interaction with respect, openness, and a cooperative mindset. Here are some guidelines to keep in mind:

Always Be Truthful and Accurate

Ensure a smooth process by collaborating with the guardian ad litem. A guardian ad litem is not present to be anybody’s opposition. Providing them with prompt, accurate, and comprehensive answers to whatever questions they may ask will help them make well-informed assessments and recommendations. By actively participating in the investigation, you can ensure that the guardian ad litem gains a comprehensive understanding of the situation, increasing the chances that the legal process can move forward without any unnecessary confusion that may lead to delays.

Respect Boundaries

The guardian ad litem is an independent party appointed by the court. Litigants need to respect the guardians’ important role by refraining from any attempts to influence or manipulate their decisions. Instead, all parties should focus on providing pertinent information and expressing relevant perspectives to improve the overall evaluation.

Follow Court Orders

All parties will want to comply with any court orders or directives related to the involvement of the guardian ad litem. Following the court’s instructions is essential to ensuring a smooth legal process that enables the guardian ad litem to fulfill their responsibilities effectively.

Always remember that the guardian ad litem’s primary objective is to act in a vulnerable individual’s best interests. By maintaining open communication, providing accurate information, and cooperating throughout the process, you can play an important role in ensuring a fair and comprehensive evaluation of the situation.

Reach Out to a New Hampshire Family Law Attorney Today

Guardians ad litem are essential figures in the legal system, providing a voice for the most vulnerable members of our society. Their tireless efforts protect the best interests of children and other vulnerable individuals involved in legal proceedings. If you have any questions about whether a guardian ad litem could be assigned to your case, please consider scheduling a consultation with Friedman & Bresaw, PLLC, by calling (603)707-4800.


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

About the Attorney
Jesse Friedman

Jesse has personally represented thousands of clients throughout the State - from juvenile delinquency offenses through homicides. He has extensive trial and litigation experience and has obtained favorable outcomes for thousands of clients throughout the years.

Recent posts